California Attorney General Becerra Announces Guilty Plea by Backpage CEO & Permanent Shutdown of the Online Sex-Trafficking Website

Prosecution against shareholders James Larkin and Michael Lacey continues

SACRAMENTO – California Attorney General Xavier Becerra today announced that defendant Carl Ferrer, chief executive officer of online sex-advertising website, has pled guilty to one charge of conspiracy and three counts of money laundering. The defendant entered the guilty plea in Sacramento County Superior Court, resolving charges against him in the criminal case People of the State of California v. Carl Ferrer, Michael Lacey, and James Larkin. This plea follows the permanent shutdown of announced on April 9. The website has been described as the world’s largest online brothel, facilitating human trafficking throughout the world.

Ferrer will cooperate in the prosecution of two controlling shareholders of the website, Michael Lacey and James Larkin. The case against alleged co-conspirators, Lacey and Larkin, continues in Sacramento County Superior Court.

“Human trafficking is modern-day slavery, and it is happening in our own backyard,” said Attorney General Becerra. “The shutdown of is a tremendous victory for the survivors and their families. And the conviction of CEO Ferrer is a game-changer in combatting human trafficking in California, indeed worldwide.”

Under the terms of the plea agreement, Carl Ferrer agrees to:

  • Plead guilty to one count of conspiracy and three counts of money laundering
  • Cooperate in the prosecution of Lacey and Larkin
  • Shut down throughout the world
  • Surrender operating rights to all internet domains used to operate
  • Make data available to law enforcement
  • Face a five-year maximum sentence

Last year, Attorney General Becerra traveled to Washington, D.C., to testify before the U.S. Senate to advance legislation that would support the efforts of state attorneys general to prosecute sex traffickers. The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act of 2017 (S. 1693) passed both the House and Senate with overwhelming bipartisan support. Yesterday, the President signed the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act into law.

With regards to any ongoing prosecution, it is important to note that a defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Also announced today are’s similar guilty pleas in the state of Texas.